# 数字字段¶

## 分支¶

Sage可以访问Jones数据库中分枝数有界且度小于或等于6的数域。必须单独安装 (database_jones_numfield

sage: J = JonesDatabase()            # optional - database
sage: J                              # optional - database
John Jones's table of number fields with bounded ramification and degree <= 6


sage: [(k.degree(), k.disc()) for k in J.unramified_outside([2])] # optional - database
[(4, -2048), (2, 8), (4, -1024), (1, 1), (4, 256), (2, -4), (4, 2048), (4, 512), (4, 2048), (2, -8), (4, 2048)]


sage: [k.disc() for k in J.unramified_outside([2],2)] # optional - database
[8, -4, -8]


sage: [k.disc() for k in J.ramified_at([3,5],3)] # optional - database
[-6075, -6075, -675, -135]
sage: factor(6075)
3^5 * 5^2
sage: factor(675)
3^3 * 5^2
sage: factor(135)
3^3 * 5


sage: J.ramified_at(101)                     # optional - database
[Number Field in a with defining polynomial x^2 - 101,
Number Field in a with defining polynomial x^4 - x^3 + 13*x^2 - 19*x + 361,
Number Field in a with defining polynomial x^5 - x^4 - 40*x^3 - 93*x^2 - 21*x + 17,
Number Field in a with defining polynomial x^5 + x^4 - 6*x^3 - x^2 + 18*x + 4,
Number Field in a with defining polynomial x^5 + 2*x^4 + 7*x^3 + 4*x^2 + 11*x - 6]


## 班级编号¶

sage: K = QuadraticField(29, 'x')
sage: K.class_number()
1
sage: K.class_number()
2
sage: K.class_number()
1
sage: K.class_number()
2
sage: K.class_group()
Class group of order 2 with structure C2 of Number Field in x with defining polynomial x^2 + 15 with x = 3.872983346207417?*I
sage: K.class_group()
Class group of order 5 with structure C5 of Number Field in x with defining polynomial x^2 - 401 with x = 20.02498439450079?
sage: K.class_number()
5
sage: K.discriminant()
401
sage: K.class_group()
Class group of order 25 with structure C25 of Number Field in x with defining polynomial x^2 + 479 with x = 21.88606862823929?*I
sage: K.class_number()
25
sage: K.pari_polynomial()
x^2 + 479
sage: K.degree()
2


sage: x = PolynomialRing(QQ, 'x').gen()
sage: K = NumberField(x^5+10*x+1, 'a')
sage: K
Number Field in a with defining polynomial x^5 + 10*x + 1
sage: K.degree()
5
sage: K.pari_polynomial()
x^5 + 10*x + 1
sage: K.discriminant()
25603125
sage: K.class_group()
Class group of order 1 of Number Field in a with defining
polynomial x^5 + 10*x + 1
sage: K.class_number()
1

• 另请参阅http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ClassNumber.html在Math World网站上获取表格、公式和背景信息。

• 对于分圆域，请尝试：

sage: K = CyclotomicField(19)
sage: K.class_number()    # long time
1


## 积分基¶

Sage可以计算这个数字域的元素列表，这些元素是数字域的整数环的基础。

sage: x = PolynomialRing(QQ, 'x').gen()
sage: K = NumberField(x^5+10*x+1, 'a')
sage: K.integral_basis()
[1, a, a^2, a^3, a^4]


sage: x = PolynomialRing(QQ, 'x').gen()
sage: K = NumberField(x^3 + x^2 - 2*x + 8, 'a')
sage: K.integral_basis()
[1, 1/2*a^2 + 1/2*a, a^2]