Debian 12 (bookworm) 安装方法及其国内软件源

Debian 12 (bookworm) 安装方法及其国内软件源


发布日期: 2023-04-14 更新日期: 2023-06-23 编辑:bukun 浏览次数: 29081

标签:

摘要: Debian 12 (bookworm) 已经于2023年6月份正式发布。以下为原来信息: Debian 12 (bookworm) 预计于2023年中期发布,但是目前(2023年4月)已经处于硬冻结阶段。原计划是在2023年中发布正式版本,但“Bookwo...

Debian 12 (bookworm) 已经于2023年6月份正式发布。以下为原来信息:

Debian 12 (bookworm) 预计于2023年中期发布,但是目前(2023年4月)已经处于硬冻结阶段。原计划是在2023年中发布正式版本,但“Bookworm的探讨表明Debian 12 (Bookworm) 无望在 2023 年中公布;Debian 12 “Bookworm” 估计在 2023 的 7-8 月公布,具体取决于个性解冻后的 Bug 修复状况。

硬解冻期间,关键软件包和没有自动化测试的软件包禁止主动迁徙,须要公布团队手动迁徙。

目前在Debian 源中已经有 Debian 12 (bookwor),所以可以安装试用了。 桌面界面的问题可能会比较多,但是服务器使用已经相当稳定了。

安装 Debian 12

Debian 12可以直接下载ISO镜像安装。我进行安装测试是用阿里云,一般情况下会在正式发布后半年左右官方才会提供安装镜像,目前肯定是没有的,所以需要通过Debian 11升级安装。

更新现有的软件至 Debian 11 的最新版本:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

然后把 /etc/apt/sources.list 里面的内容全部注释掉,增加以下 Debian 12 的软件源:

国内常见镜像站点

Debian全球镜像站列表:https://www.debian.org/mirror/list 。

下面列出国内常用的镜像站点及 /etc/apt/sources.list 中的具体对应内容:

阿里云镜像站

deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib

腾讯云镜像站

deb https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb-src https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.tencent.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib

网易镜像站

deb https://mirrors.163.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.163.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.163.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb-src https://mirrors.163.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb https://mirrors.163.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.163.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.163.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.163.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib

华为镜像站

deb https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian/ bookworm main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb-src https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian-security/ bookworm-security main
deb https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian/ bookworm-updates main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib
deb-src https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/debian/ bookworm-backports main non-free non-free-firmware contrib

清华大学镜像站

deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-updates main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-updates main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-backports main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-backports main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian-security bookworm-security main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/debian-security bookworm-security main contrib non-free non-free-firmware

中科大镜像站

deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-updates main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-updates main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-backports main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ bookworm-backports main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian-security/ bookworm-security main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian-security/ bookworm-security main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
相关推荐

关注公众号
获取免费资源

随机推荐


Copyright © Since 2014. 开源地理空间基金会中文分会 吉ICP备05002032号

Powered by TorCMS

OSGeo 中国中心 邮件列表

问题讨论 : 要订阅或者退订列表,请点击 订阅

发言 : 请写信给: osgeo-china@lists.osgeo.org